Pre-Write 2 Revised

Researchers need to determine in advance about the research site, such as whether the research is conducted in single-site or multiple-site research (Blommaert & Jie, 2010). After deciding the research site, the researcher needs to position himself as someone who wants to know what happened at the site. This is expressed by Heath & Street (2008, p. 17) by stating, "what ethnographers really want to know is "What is happening here in the field site(s) I have chosen?".

I would like to conduct research on Batik (national costume in Indonesia) pattern made by students in Mojokerto, Indonesia. Hymes (1982, p. 23) explained the importance of cultural patterns in ethnography by writing that “one needs to find out something of the range of cultural patterning, once cultures are investigated from the new point of view”.

Another reason I chose Batik is that I am an Indonesian citizen who often uses Batik in various activities. In addition, I went to school in the city of Surabaya during my master's degree. The city of Surabaya is in the province of East Java, and a lot of Batik comes from East Java. I also have many friends who live in Batik-producing cities in Indonesia. This makes it easier for me to get access to schools, especially schools in the city of Mojokerto, which provide batik training to their students.

Mojokerto city is chosen because Mojokerto is an area in Indonesia with a very close relationship with the Majapahit kingdom. The Majapahit Kingdom was the largest kingdom in Indonesia in the past (Evers, 2016). In other words, the election of the city of Mojokerto becomes very relevant as a representative city of Indonesia.

I choose 1 Senior High School Mojokerto and 1 Senior High School Puri as research sites because these two schools provide Batik-making training to students once a week. Based on data from the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture website, there are 51 teachers and 925 students at 1 Senior High School Mojokerto. Also, data from the same web shows 63 teachers and 1218 students at 1 Senior High School Puri. Both of these schools have grade A (the highest accreditation grade in Indonesia) for school accreditation in Indonesia.

In addition, the selection of research locations in schools is essential, as stated by Heath & Street (2008, p. 17) that “since the 1990s, classrooms have become the most frequently researched site of ethnographers”. While students are making Batik in the live recording process, I will be assisted by two educators in Mojokerto, namely Rizky Oktaviana Eko Putri and Feriyanto. The selection of these two people in helping to record batik activities is that they have conducted ethnographic research so that it will be easier to take record video in ethnographic research. In addition, these two educators live in Mojokerto, and they have access to schools in Mojokerto. Blommaert & Jie (2010) stated that it is essential to have very knowledgeable contacts about the research sites.



Blommaert, J. & Jie, D. (2010). Ethnographic fieldwork, 2nd ed. Multilingual Matters.

Evers, H. D. (2016). Nusantara: History of a concept. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society89(1), 3-14.

Heath, S. B. & Street, B. V. (2008). On Ethnography: Approaches to Language and Literacy 

Research. Teachers College Press

Hymes, D. (1982). What is ethnography? In Children in and out of school : Ethnography and education (pp. 21–32). Center for Applied Linguistics.


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